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​​Global Real Estate Transparency Index 2016

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2016 Rankings

  • Highly Transparent
  • Transparent
  • Semi - Transparent
  • Low Transparency
  • Opaque ​​​​​​​
new document
2016 Rank Market Region Investment Performance Market Fundamentals Listed Vehicles Regulatory and Legal Transaction Process 2016 Composite Score
1 United Kingdom EUR 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.2
2 Australia AP 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.3
3 Canada AM 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3
4 United States AM 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.3
5 France EUR 1.3 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.3
6 New Zealand AP 1.8 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.0 1.4
7 Netherlands EUR 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.5
8 Ireland EUR 2.3 1.7 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.6
9 Germany EUR 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.7
10 Finland EUR 1.9 2.0 1.1 1.7 1.1 1.7
11 Singapore AP 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.7 2.0 1.8
12 Sweden EUR 1.9 2.6 1.5 1.7 1.2 1.8
13 Poland EUR 2.7 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.9
14 Switzerland EUR 1.4 3.2 1.1 1.8 1.3 1.9
15 Hong Kong AP 2.1 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.9
16 Belgium EUR 2.2 2.3 1.1 1.9 1.4 1.9
17 Denmark EUR 2.9 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.9
18 Norway EUR 2.5 2.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 2.0
19 Japan AP 1.7 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.0
20 Czech Republic EUR 2.9 2.1 2.4 1.6 1.5 2.1
21 Italy EUR 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.4 1.7 2.1
22 Spain EUR 2.5 2.1 1.8 2.3 1.3 2.1
23 Taiwan AP 2.9 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.6 2.1
24 Austria EUR 2.3 3.0 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.2
25 South Africa SS Africa 2.2 3.7 1.2 1.8 1.8 2.2
26 Hungary EUR 2.9 2.5 2.3 1.8 1.8 2.3
27 Portugal EUR 2.6 2.9 2.2 1.9 1.7 2.3
28 Malaysia AP 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.3
29 Slovakia EUR 3.5 2.6 2.2 1.8 1.6 2.4
30 Romania EUR 3.8 2.5 2.0 1.8 1.4 2.4
31 Israel EUR 3.1 4.1 2.1 1.8 1.1 2.5
32 Mexico AM 3.6 3.1 1.4 2.1 1.6 2.5
33 China - Tier1 AP 2.4 2.0 3.3 2.6 2.8 2.5
34 Brazil - Tier1 AM 3.0 2.9 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5
35 Luxembourg EUR 3.4 3.1 1.9 2.2 1.7 2.6
36 India - Tier1 AP 3.1 2.9 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.6
37 Greece EUR 2.9 3.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.6
38 Thailand AP 3.0 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.6
39 India - Tier2 AP 3.1 2.9 2.1 2.4 2.3 2.6
40 South Korea AP 3.2 2.8 3.2 1.9 2.7 2.7
41 Botswana SS Africa 3.3 2.9 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.7
42 Russia - Tier1 EUR 3.3 2.5 1.9 2.6 2.5 2.7
43 Brazil - Tier2 AM 3.0 3.3 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.7
44 Turkey EUR 3.6 2.8 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.7
45 Indonesia AP 3.0 2.4 1.9 2.7 3.1 2.7
46 Philippines AP 3.2 2.7 2.1 2.8 2.6 2.8
47 Croatia EUR 3.9 2.8 3.4 2.1 2.0 2.8
48 UAE - Dubai MENA 3.4 2.9 1.9 2.9 2.5 2.9
49 China - Tier1.5 AP 2.7 2.9 3.3 2.8 3.3 2.9
50 Bulgaria EUR 3.9 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.0 3.0
51 Slovenia EUR 4.3 3.6 5.0 1.5 1.6 3.0
52 India - Tier3 AP 3.5 3.2 2.1 2.7 3.0 3.0
53 Serbia EUR 4.3 2.9 5.0 2.0 1.9 3.0
54 Russia - Tier2 EUR 3.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.1 3.1
55 China - Tier2 AP 2.7 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.1
56 Argentina AM 4.0 3.7 3.1 2.4 2.3 3.1
57 Zambia SS Africa 4.0 4.2 1.7 2.7 2.1 3.1
58 Mauritius SS Africa 4.2 3.9 2.8 2.6 1.9 3.2
59 UAE - Abu Dhabi MENA 3.6 3.7 2.5 3.3 2.5 3.2
60 Cayman Islands AM 4.3 3.5 5.0 2.1 2.2 3.2
61 Kenya SS Africa 4.2 3.2 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.3
62 Chile AM 3.8 4.5 2.8 2.4 2.9 3.3
63 Saudi Arabia MENA 3.4 4.3 2.7 2.8 3.1 3.3
64 Peru AM 4.0 4.3 3.1 2.7 2.6 3.4
65 Egypt MENA 3.5 3.8 2.2 3.2 3.8 3.4
66 China - Tier3 AP 2.7 4.5 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.4
67 Bahrain MENA 3.9 4.7 2.1 3.1 2.7 3.5
68 Vietnam AP 3.9 3.1 3.0 3.7 3.2 3.5
69 Sri Lanka AP 4.5 3.4 4.0 2.8 3.0 3.5
70 Macau AP 3.9 3.6 5.0 2.7 3.3 3.5
71 Morocco MENA 4.0 4.7 3.8 2.7 3.0 3.5
72 Uruguay AM 4.7 4.5 5.0 1.9 3.2 3.6
73 Kuwait MENA 3.8 4.4 2.1 3.7 3.4 3.6
74 Qatar MENA 4.1 4.6 2.3 3.3 3.1 3.6
75 Ukraine EUR 3.9 3.2 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.7
76 Puerto Rico AM 4.3 4.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.7
77 Iran MENA 3.7 3.5 4.6 3.6 3.6 3.7
78 Russia - Tier3 EUR 4.3 4.5 3.8 2.9 3.4 3.7
79 Jordan MENA 4.1 4.8 2.8 3.4 3.2 3.8
80 Rwanda SS Africa 4.6 4.3 5.0 2.5 3.6 3.8
81 Costa Rica AM 4.5 4.4 5.0 2.7 3.2 3.8
82 Bahamas AM 4.5 4.7 5.0 2.9 2.7 3.8
83 Nigeria SS Africa 4.1 4.9 3.0 3.6 3.0 3.8
84 Ecuador AM 4.3 4.4 5.0 2.9 3.4 3.8
85 Ghana SS Africa 4.3 4.3 5.0 3.4 2.7 3.9
86 Colombia AM 4.6 4.3 5.0 3.0 3.3 3.9
87 Kazakhstan EUR 4.6 3.9 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.9
88 Pakistan MENA 4.3 4.6 3.3 3.4 4.2 4.0
89 Oman MENA 4.5 4.6 5.0 3.4 3.2 4.0
90 Uganda SS Africa 4.3 5.0 5.0 3.2 3.5 4.1
91 Lebanon MENA 4.0 4.9 2.3 4.0 4.3 4.1
92 Panama AM 4.7 4.3 5.0 3.6 3.6 4.2
93 Tunisia MENA 4.8 4.7 5.0 3.2 3.9 4.2
94 Ethiopia SS Africa 4.8 5.0 5.0 2.9 3.9 4.2
95 Myanmar AP 4.6 4.1 5.0 3.8 3.6 4.2
96 Algeria MENA 4.7 4.8 5.0 3.4 3.6 4.2
97 Angola SS Africa 4.5 4.3 5.0 3.8 3.9 4.2
98 Dominican Republic AM 4.6 4.9 5.0 3.4 3.6 4.2
99 Tanzania SS Africa 4.4 5.0 5.0 3.4 4.2 4.3
100 Belarus EUR 4.6 4.7 5.0 3.8 4.0 4.3
101 Mozambique SS Africa 4.7 4.5 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.4
102 Guatemala AM 4.7 4.7 5.0 4.1 3.9 4.4
103 Iraq MENA 4.6 5.0 5.0 3.9 4.5 4.5
104 Ivory Coast SS Africa 4.9 5.0 5.0 3.7 4.5 4.5
105 Venezuela AM 4.5 4.5 4.8 4.6 4.3 4.5
106 Senegal SS Africa 4.9 5.0 5.0 3.8 4.5 4.5
107 Djibouti MENA 4.8 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.4 4.6
108 Honduras AM 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.2 4.2 4.6
109 Libya MENA 4.7 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.6 4.7

The Global Real Estate Transparency Index is a biennial survey by JLL and LaSalle Investment Management. The 2016 edition analyses 109 markets, created from 139 factors. For more information on this unique index please contact Jeremy Kelly or Matthew McAuley.​​​​

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